The first chapter of his book is titled “An Overview of Writing”, it would be important to understand that from the title of the chapter the author shows us that the purpose of his writing is to present a series of theories about writing. In this post I will present some of them that allow us to see how we can understand the act of writing.
- Understanding from the text
Hyland shows us the way in which writing has been understood throughout the academic research on it, a first approach presents the writing of texts as objects.
However, this perspective was left, and the texts began to be understood more from their meaning and the objective that the writer wanted to achieve, that is, to understand the text as discourse, the way in which language is used to communicate and reach purposes in particular situations. From here, the writer shows himself as a person with goals and intentions to communicate to his readers.
Professor Hyland, allows us to understand the importance of writing taking into account the genre of writing, since each one has a different purpose, structure and language attributes.
When the writer defines what is the genre of his writing, he anticipates the reader, and puts him in his position, since once the reader knows the genre he will be able to understand the way in which the writer will communicate his thoughts, and the way in which he can respond to the writer.
This perspective shows us that writing is an act totally alienated from the author and its context, because it is understood that the complete meaning of the text can be achieved by readers who have the skills to decode correctly.
- Understanding from the writer
In this perspective, Hyland shows that writing is a cognitive process by means of which the writer proposes solutions to different problems, this is where one gets to understand writing for teaching purposes, where a writer proposes a text and this is revised , edited and complemented by another writer, we can appreciate then the way in which the writing of a degree work is developed: the student produces a text by which he presents a problem that arose and how his research solves it and at the same time this writing It is complemented by a teacher who has the necessary knowledge to contribute and improve the writing of your student.
- Understanding from the reader
A final appreciation is made on how to understand writing from the position and context of the readers. Hyland begins by defining writing as a process of social interaction, which allows us to see writing as a conversation between the reader and the writer and takes away the idea of seeing the writer as a person far away from his audience.
This idea of seeing writing as a negotiation conveys the idea that through it the author allows his reader to participate in the discourse; Of course, in order for the writer to reach the negotiation process he must understand and configure his audience, Hyland presents that the audience is a fiction created in the writer’s mind, when he imagines himself in the ideal readers of the text he is developing.
The idea of writing as a way of communicating with the reader shows the application of intertextuality defined as the relationship between a given text and other previous texts that have influenced it (Hyland, K. 2016).
This relationship between texts shows the dialogical characteristic of the same, when we produce a writing we are responding to another and in the same way we expect them to respond to us. In other words, through this post I evoke Hyland’s thoughts, and I hope that you as a reader will respond to my text.
Finally, Hyland comes to a final way to appreciate writing, which is, to see it as a social construction, in the way we produce understandings that help to understand and understand the world in order to generate knowledge to different communities. To see writing as a social act, we must move away from the idea that the ideas of the writer are individual and rather that it is written taking into account the preferences and needs of specific communities.